INTRODUCTION OF LAMINATES
A laminate is an object that is permanently fixed on a material to improve its life, beauty, and stability through the use of welding, heat, adhesive, or pressure. They are manufactured by pressing thin layers of flat paper and plastic resins together to form a composite artificial material.
Common examples of lamination are
- Plastic film: This lamination is used on glass
- Thermoplastic: It is used in the textile sector
- Melamine: Melamine is used in crockery and plastic materials as laminating sheet
- Plywood: Plywood is used most commonly used to laminate other types of wood.
- Paper lamination: It is used in Photographs and Corrugated fiberboard boxes to increase its life.
- Electrical steel coatings: It uses to laminate transformers, coils, motors, switchboards, etc.
TYPES OF LAMINATES
There are many types of laminates, such as
Industrial laminates are high-performance materials since they are commonly utilized in businesses and hospitals.
Compact Laminates are used on fairly thick material.
Post Formed Laminates are exceptionally thin.
Decorative Laminates can be used as decorative overlays on furniture.
High and Low-pressure, Plywood is inserted with high pressure, while MDF is injected with low pressure.
USES OF LAMINATES
The furniture’s finishing surface is laminated to strengthen its durability and make it scratch-free. It’s also easy to maintain cleanliness. They not only have a decorative appearance, but they are also inexpensive. Laminates are used to decorate industries, offices, hotels, showrooms, etc.
They’re widely used to protect and adorn wooden furniture. They’re also antimicrobial, fire-resistant, and chemical-resistant. They’re used in a variety of sectors and hospitals.
To make it more eye-catchy, gloss polished laminates are widely utilized in restaurants, hotels, and the event business. Metallic laminate is suitable for both commercial and residential applications since it lends a metallic appearance to the finished surface. Industry, airports, hospitals, institutions & banks, kitchens, and other fire-prone areas regularly utilize fire-rated laminate for interior decorating.
More common uses of laminates are;
- It’s simple to clean.
- It’s less difficult to put together than many typical surfaces.
- It is less expensive to install and requires less experience.
- It is appealing since it comes in a variety of designs, patterns, colors, and textures.
- It is long-lasting, sanitary, and very simple to maintain.
- There is no need for polishing or painting.
- It is the finest option for high-traffic areas.
- It can be laid over nearly any type of existing floor.
- It can withstand wetness. It’s also resistant to collision, shock, and pressure.
- All that is required to clean laminate is sweeping or vacuuming.
- It is extremely scratch and abrasion-resistant.
- Availability of a huge range leads to the least wastage.
Cons of laminates
With such high demand for laminates and their numerous applications, several drawbacks must be considered.
- The entire floor must be replaced once the top layer has been torn down.
- Recycling is a demanding task.
- Because it is brittle, it is prone to tearing. Laminate flooring has been known to be extremely slick and sloppy, endangering your safety.
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